Many web page designers may be unaware that web servers record transaction information each time they send a file to a browser. Others may know that a server log exists but they may see it only as a source of general statistical information such as site use distributed over time or counts of the number of times that each page was served. This paper describes how server logs can be used to give designers a much more detailed view of how users are accessing their site. This paper describes the use of server logs to monitor user patterns and employ them to improve the design and functionality of the web site. Web log data has been used to analyze and redesign a wide range of web-based material, including: online tutorials, databases, fact sheets, and reference material.
The Journal of the American Society for Information Science
Vol.46 Num.4 May 1995 pp299-305
In the most widely accepted model of the growth of scientific literature papers presented at conferences are seen as precursors leading to the creation of journal articles. A sample of papers presented at an annual meeting of the American Society for Information Science lead to journal articles at a rate much lower than would be expected from studies of other disciplines. On the other hand, a sample of articles form the Journal of the Americal Society for Information Science had rates of follow-up publication which were similar to values reported in the literature. This suggests that it is not the case that information science as a discipline has different publication patterns from other scholarly areas.
A more complex model of the growth scientific literature is proposed. Among the features of this model are: recognition that many new findings can be conveyed with relatively small amounts of information. A view that in complex systems novelty may not be as important as generalizability. And the emergence of new forms of dissemination including electronic communication, self publishing, and "group monographs".
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